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October 19, 2020

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This time in his weekly round-up show, Arvind talks about Supreme Court Terms 2005 Law On Domestic Violence As ”Milestone”, Tech For Tribals launched and Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog

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Supreme Court Terms 2005 Law On Domestic Violence As ”Milestone”:


Problem 1

Context:


The Supreme Court recently delivered a judgment in which it held that the relief granting right to the residence to a married woman under the domestic violence law by a criminal court is “relevant” and can be considered even in civil proceedings seeking her eviction from the matrimonial home.


In this video, I will not tell you what are the case facts because that you already know so many newspapers cover them and in this video, I will tell you how you can use the domestic violence act.


 "The reason why most cases of domestic violence are never recorded is due to the social stigma of the society and the attitude of the women themselves, where women are expected to be subservient, not just to their male counterparts but also to the male's relatives," a bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan observed.


“the relationships outside the marriage were not acknowledged. This set of situations ensured that a majority of women preferred to suffer in silence, not out of choice but compulsion,” the bench, which also comprised R Subhash Reddy and M R Shah, said.


1 in 3 women worldwide experience physical and/or sexual abuse from their intimate spouses or non-partners (WHO 2017). In India, the definition of a ‘domestic relationship’ includes a woman’s relationship with her husband or live-in spouse and with his relatives.


As per the National Family Health Survey IV performed in 2015–2016, 31.1% of married women aged 15-49 years experienced spousal violence at least once in their lives. To add to this, 27.3% of women were married before the age of 18.


The National Crime Records Bureau reports that “Majority of lawsuits under the category of ‘crimes against women’ as recognized by the Indian Penal Code were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or His Relatives’ (31.9%).”


Solution 


Now let understand domestic violence as per the legal point of view 


What is the legal definition of Domestic Violence?

the legal definition of “Domestic Violence” under Section 3. The DV Act 2005 applies to full of India. It is a civil law that focuses on the reliefs given to the aggrieved woman such as compensation, protection, right to residence in the “shared household” etc., unlike in the criminal law, where the prime focus is on punishing the accused. It covers all kinds of violence faced by a woman at her “shared household”.


Domestic Violence includes causing any harm or injury to the safety, life, health, or well-being of the aggrieved woman by committing any physical, sexual, verbal, or economic abuse. Moreover, it also includes any injury or harm done to the aggrieved woman or her relative with an impression to coerce her or any person, to meet unlawful dowry pressure. Warnings to commit violence are also covered under this definition.


What is the legal definition of a domestic relationship?

The legal definition of “domestic relationship” under section 2(f) of DV Act 2005 means a relationship between two persons who live or have, at any point of time, lived together in a shared household, when they are related by consanguinity, marriage, or through a relationship like marriage, adoption or are family members living together as a joint family


What is the punishment for domestic violence?

 As per section 31 DV act 2005 "(1) 

If someone violates this act that person face one year term, or with twenty thousand rupees, or both.


What is written under section 19 say?

The magistrate has the power to order for a restraining The respondent from home or anything other things are shared by a woman and the respondent needs to provide alternate accommodation or give rent or allow a woman to stay in the same home. 


I am providing a pdf of the domestic violence act 2005 

 Click here 


Tech For Tribals launched


Problem 2


The tribal population in India lags behind other social groups on various social parameters, such as child mortality, infant mortality, number of anaemic women, says the annual report of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

The Report shows that the gross enrolment ratio among tribal students in the primary school level has declined from 113.2 in 2013-14 to 109.4 in 2015-16.

At an all-India level, there is a shortfall of 6,796 Sub Centres, 1267 Primary Health Centres and 309 Community Health Centres in tribal areas as on March 31, 2015, the Report points out.


Solution 


What is it?

It is a program by TRIFED, in collaboration with the Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) under the Entrepreneurship and Skill Development Programme (ESDP) program.

It aims at the holistic development of tribals with a priority on entrepreneurship development, soft skills, IT, and business development through SHGs operating through Van Dhan Vikas Kendras (VDVKs).



What is Van Dhan Kendras?

TRIFED under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is establishing 1,200 “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVK)”, across 28 States committing 3.6 Lakhs Tribal Forest Produce gatherers.

One particular VDVK comprises of 15 Self Help Groups, each consisting of 20 Tribal gatherers.

About Van Dhan Vikas Kendras initiative:

The initiative aims to improve MFPs-centric livelihood development of tribal gatherers and artisans. It mainstreams the tribal community by promoting primary level value addition to MFP at the grassroots level. 


Significance: Through this initiative, the share of tribals in the value chain of Non-Timber Forest Produce is expected to rise from the present 20% to around 60%.



Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog


Context:


Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog starts nationwide campaign to celebrate “Kamdhenu Deepawali Abhiyan” – Promoting extensive use of cow-dung/ Panchgavya products this Diwali Festival.

RKA aims to reach 11 crore families to ignite 33 crores Diyas made of cow-dung during this year’s Deepawali celebration.


Problem 3 


Festival of lights is round the corner and the demand of diyas has reached its peak. But potters of Lunakua village in Kujang block have little to cheer. With inexpensive and fancy plastic and Chinese diyas flooding the market, traditional earthen lamps have fallen out of favour among Diwali shoppers.

As many as 117 potter families of Lunakua, who make earthen lamps, are struggling to sell their wares because of the high demand of Chinese and plastic diyas. “The traditional earthen lamps are losing their sheen in the face of stiff competition from Chinese dazzling lights. People prefer these lights as they are cheap and easy to use besides glowing throughout the night,” said potter Malati Dei.


Solution 


Importance of the campaign:

1Apart from generating business opportunities for thousands of cow-based entrepreneurs/farmers, the use of cow-dung products will direct to a cleaner and healthier environment.

2By providing an environmentally friendly alternative to Chinese made Diyas, the campaign will increase the ‘Make in India’ vision also.


About the Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog:

Constituted in 2019, the Aayog is a high powered permanent apex advisory body with the mandate to help the Central Government to develop appropriate programs for conservation, sustainable development, and genetic up-gradation of indigenous breeds of cows.

It comes under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, and Dairying.

1Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog will function as a crucial part of Rashtriya Gokul Mission.